Fruit tree rootstock selector

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    STEP 1

    Choice of the tree shape and stem height required.
BUSH PATIOSHAPE LOW STANDARD WHIP HALF STANDARD STANDARD
Stemheight 20 cm 40 cm 60-80 cm variabel 120-160 cm 180-220 cm
Mature height, approx. 2 m 1 m 3 m 2,5 m 5 m 7 m
Harvest after approx. 2 jr 2 jr 3 jr 3 jr 5 jr 7 jr
Usage Retail Potplant Retail Retail and commercial Dense plantings in hedges (Retail and commercial) Solitair and fruit orchard Solitair and fruit orchard
Usage live expect. , ca 30 yr variabel 40yr 30 yr 50-75 yr yr jr
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    STEP 2

    Choice of the suitable rootstock.
APPLE PEAR CHERRIE PLUM
Bush M26, M7 and MM106 Quince MA Gisela 3 of 5 VVA-1
Low stem M26, M7 and MM106 Quince MA Colt, Weiroot 13 or 158, Gisela 3 or 5 St. Julien A
Whip B9, M7, M9 or M26 Kwee MC, Quince A Weiroot 158, Gisela 5 St. Julien A
Half standard M7, M106, m111 and Bittenfelder seedling Kirchensaller seedling, Pear seedling Colt, Prunus avium , F12/1 St. Julien, Myrobolaan
Standard mm111 and Bittenfelder seedling Kirchensaller seedling, Pear seedling Prunus avium , F12/1 St. Julien, Bromton, Myrobolaan

Some additional information and things to know regarding your rootstocks :

  • B9 is a Russian rootstock alternative : more dry resistant/lower temperatures resistant.
  • M26 does not like wet soil. This rootstock is suitable for less intensive crops and so very suitable for private usage . M26 requires less care and pruning, support and watering. The wind resistance makes it suitable for single stem shape.
  • M9 is most commonly used in commercial orchard
  • Quince MC is mainly used for commercial use because of weaker growth. This makes it suitable for espaliered trees . Quince MC is more frost sensitive.
  • Quince Adams is in terms of vigor amidst Kwee Kwee MA and MC
  • Plums usually are not grown on seedlings rootstocks . Seedling rootstocks produce large differences in vigor. Plum cuttings are better.
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    STEP 3

    Tune to conditions.

The above table is a directive. Is a fast-growing breed used in a fertile soil, the growth (yet) should continue to be held back by a weaker rootstock. If the customer wants a friendly maintenance tree and later fruiting , no problem, it can be reached by using faster growing rootstocks. The table below provides help in the alignment of the selected strain.

SLOW / WEAK GROWING ROOTSTOCKS

  • For shorter stems
  • For more rich soil types
  • For powerfull grafts/ races
  • For short life cycle
  • More maintenance
  • Crop allready after 2 yr
  • Easy to prune
  • Stake nessessarry
  • Shorter plant distance

Fast / STRONG / POWERFULL ROOTSTOKS

  • For taller stems
  • For more poor soil types
  • For weaker grafts / races
  • For longer life cycle
  • Low maintenance
  • Crop after 7 jaar
  • More difficult to prune
  • Stake only short while after planting
  • Wider plant distance

Since fruit like apples and pears have fairly shallow roots it should be considered to check soil at 0 to 50 cm depth

Stems in between rootstock and variety.

Sometimes between the rootstock and the variety, species or cultivar a stem in between is used.. With apples this is primarily done to create a beautiful, straight trunk for half-standard and tall trees. With pear a strain in between is sometimes necessary because of incompatibility of the chosen variety.

F. KUIPER BV VEENDAM IS A SUPPLIER OF ALL TYPES AND SIZES OF FRUIT TREE ROOTSTOCKS.

PLEASE CONTACT US FOR MORE INFORMATION .