Rootstocks User Guide
Rootstock selector for fruittrees
https://www.kuiperveendam.com/news/catalogue-trees-and-plants/ First of all rootstocks slow the vegetative growth (leaves, branches) of the fruit selections. Rootstocks take care of a sooner and richer harvest . Also they offer a better resistance against certain fungal deseases .
Customers choose rootstocks dependent on the general chosen race, the soil and stem height.
Choice of the tree shape and stem height required.
|Bush||Patioshape||Low standard||Whip||Half standard||Standard|
|Stemheight||20 cm||40 cm||60-80 cm||variabel||120-160 cm||180-220 cm|
|Mature height, approx.||2 m||1 m||3 m||2,5 m||5 m||7 m|
|Harvest after approx.||2 jr||2 jr||3 jr||3 jr||5 jr||7 jr|
|Usage||Retail||Potplant Retail||Retail and commercial||Dense plantings in hedges (Retail and commercial)||Solitair and fruit orchard||Solitair and fruit orchard|
|Usage live expect. , ca||30 yr||variabel||40yr||30 yr||50-75 yr||yr jr|
Choice of the suitable rootstock.
|Bush||M26, M7 and MM106||Quince MA||Gisela 3 of 5||VVA-1|
|Low stem||M26, M7 and MM106||Quince MA||Colt, Weiroot 13 or 158, Gisela 3 or 5||St. Julien A|
|Whip||B9, M7, M9 or M26||Kwee MC, Quince A||Weiroot 158, Gisela 5||St. Julien A|
|Half standard||M7, M106, m111 and Bittenfelder seedling||Kirchensaller seedling, Pear seedling||Colt, Prunus avium , F12/1||St. Julien, Myrobolaan|
|Standard||mm111 and Bittenfelder seedling||Kirchensaller seedling, Pear seedling||Prunus avium , F12/1||St. Julien, Bromton, Myrobolaan|
Some additional information and things to know regarding your rootstocks .
- B9 is a Russian rootstock alternative : more dry resistant/lower temperatures resistant.
- M26 does not like wet soil. This rootstock is suitable for less intensive crops and so very suitable for private usage . M26 requires less care and pruning, support and watering. The wind resistance makes it suitable for single stem shape.
- M9 is most commonly used in commercial orchard
- Quince MC is mainly used for commercial use because of weaker growth. This makes it suitable for espaliered trees . Quince MC is more frost sensitive.
- Quince Adams is in terms of vigor amidst Kwee Kwee MA and MC
- Plums usually are not grown on seedlings rootstocks . Seedling rootstocks produce large differences in vigor. Plum cuttings are better.
Tune to conditions.
The above table is a directive. Is a fast-growing breed used in a fertile soil, the growth (yet) should continue to be held back by a weaker rootstock. If the customer wants a friendly maintenance tree and later fruiting , no problem, it can be reached by using faster growing rootstocks. The table below provides help in the alignment of the selected strain.
- SLOW / WEAK GROWING ROOTSTOCKS
- For shorter stems
- For more rich soil types
- For powerfull grafts/ races
- For short life cycle
- More maintenance
- Crop allready after 2 yr
- Easy to prune
- Stake nessessarry
- Shorter plant distance
- Fast / STRONG / POWERFULL ROOTSTOKS
- For taller stems
- For more poor soil types
- For weaker grafts / races
- For longer life cycle
- Low maintenance
- Crop after 7 jaar
- More difficult to prune
- Stake only short while after planting
- Wider plant distance
Since fruit like apples and pears have fairly shallow roots it should be considered to check soil at 0 to 50 cm depth
Stems in between rootstock and variety.
Sometimes between the rootstock and the variety, species or cultivar a stem in between is used.. With apples this is primarily done to create a beautiful, straight trunk for half-standard and tall trees. With pear a strain in between is sometimes necessary because of incompatibility of the chosen variety.